Counseling refers to any session in which a trained professional interacts with one or more patients in order to help them through any psychological issues. The ultimate goal is to help the patients feel better about themselves, and be better able to function in society.
Therapy can vary greatly in its focus. Marriage counseling, for instance, concentrates on healing rifts and problems that can arise between married couples. There are also types of counseling devoted to age groups, such as children and adolescents.
In other cases, the therapist attempts to treat specific problems with which the patient is dealing. Treatment for anxiety is a common example of this. Specific concerns can also be addressed over the course of the treatment.